THE PRESTIGE OF MUHAMMAD’S FAMILY (Al-Al-BEIT)
| The best approach to deal with the term Al Al-Beit is to cite some Qura’nic Ayat revealed about them . Allah , Most Gracious . says (And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you , you members of the family to make you pure and spotless)1|
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This graceful Ayat decides clearly that Allah , Al-Mighty , makes pure and spotless the members of Muhammad’s family , their infallible state is divine and everlasting . The members of Muhammad’s family meant by the Ayat are Ali Bin Abi talib’s sons and grand sons . He , Most Merciful , says (If any one disputes in this matter with you now after full knowledge says : come let us gather – our sons and your sons , our women and your women , ourselves and yourselves then let us earnestly pray , and make the curse of Allah on those who lie )2
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Muhammad (may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him) sent for Fatima and Ali (peace on them) together with Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein and when boosted in Christians . He didn’t ask any of his wives or uncles to join them . Thus , we can say the members of Muhammad’s family meant are only Ali , Fatima (peace be on them) and their posterity . Their admiration is a duty stated in Al-Qura’n in the manner of Muhammad (may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him) Allah , The Truth says (say I don’t ask you a fare but love of Kin).
It has been said that after the revelation of this Ayat some people asked the prophet about those who are ought to be loved . He replied Ali and Fatima and their sons , This is a straight declaration and divine recommendation of their love .
Muhammad (may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him) said to Ali bin Abi Talib (peace be on him) (your love is faith and hatred is hypocracy . the first one to enter the paradise is the one who loves you , which the first to enter hell is the one who hates you).
The prophet also says (Fatima is part of me what satisfies her satisfies me and what vexes her fret me)
One the authority of Abdulla bin Omar who said the messengers of Allah Muhammad (may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him) said ( He who loves Ali Allah will accept his prayer , fasting and late night worshipping . And he who loves Muhammad’s family is safe from punishment , scale , and path except who repents because loves of Muhammad’s family . I am to secure paradise for him . The one who hats Muhammad’s family will come in the day of resurrection with a signs between his eyes showing that he is deprived from Allah’s mercy).
On the authority of bin Masud who said I( heard the messenger of Allah said ( He who claims that he believes in me and I my message but hats Ali ois a liar and a disbeliveers).
The messenger of Allah said (He who wants to get into the life-ship and grasp the hand-hold , and seeks refuge in Allah’s light rope is to follow Ali and opposes his enemies) .
The Prestige of Al-Al-Beit
On the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas who said while we were with Muhammad the Messenger of Allah Fatima came in tear . He asked her why she was crying she said Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein went out without mentioning their destination . He (may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him) said Allah created them and He is more merciful May Allah save them in their land trip or voyage . Gebrael (may he pleased) descended and told the prophet not to be under stress or in grief because they are honoured in life and honoured in the hereafter . Now , they are sleeping in bani Najjars barn . Allah ordered an angel to guard them As we went there we saw them sleeping hugging each other and covered with the wing of the angel .
In his musnad Imam Ahmed said Zeid bin Thabit said Muhammad (may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him) said ( I leave two vicegerent in you , the Qura’n-a robe links earth and heaven or heaven with earth . And the members of my family . Both are inseparable) .
Abu Baker (May Allah be pleased with him) said on the authority of Al-Bukhari that ( O you people take care of Muhammad by being good to his family) .
Al-Dabarani said in his grand dictionary and Ibin Askar and Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadark related to Ibin Abass (may Allah be pleased with them) who said (O you people do you want to tell the one with the best grandfather and grandmother and uncles and aunts , father and mother . They are Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein grandfather is the Messenger of Allah , grand mother is Khadijja bint Khuwelid , their mother is Fatima bint the messenger of Allah their father is Ali bin Abi Talib , their uncles is Jaffar bin Abi Talib , and Um Hani bint Abi Talib ; their aunts is Qassim bin the messenger of Allah Zeinab , Ruqeitu , and Um Kalthum – the daughters of the messenger of Allah . All are in the paradise and they , themselves will be here too along with all who love them ) .
On the authority of Abu Nai’m in Huleitu and Ibin Asaker and Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak the messenger of Allah (may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him) said (Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein are my sons . He who loves them I love him . He whom I love Allah loves and he whom Allah loves will be in paradise . He who hates them I will hate and he whom I hate will be hated by Allah . If Allah hates someone he will be in hell) .
Al-Shabi said in his Sand Um Salama (may she pleased ) said (The messenger of Allah DRESSES Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein and Fatima . Then he said (O Allah these are the members of my family O Allah purify them perfectly ) .
On the authority of Jabir (may he pleased by Allah) who said the messenger of Allah said ( All children have a family they are related but Fadim’s . I will be their parent and grandfather . They are created from my mud . I warm the liars . By their make sake , Fatim’s sons , whom I love Allah loves , and whom hate will be hated by Allah ) .
Ibin Hajar said in Al-Sawa’iq Al-Muhriqatu related to the messenger of Allah said ( He who hurts my relatives hurts me . He who hurts me hurts Allah).
The messenger of Allah said (By Allah no servant is considered as believer unless he loves me . No one loves me unless he loves my relatives).
Ka’ab bin ajira sais when following Ayat is revealed (Allah and his angles send blessing on the prophet . O you that believe send your blessings on him and salute him with all respect) . We said we learned how we salute you but what about blessings . He said (say O Allah bless Muhammad and his family ) related to the prophet may the blessings and peace be on him) who said (do not sent defective blessings on me) . They said what is meant by “defective blessings”He replied (When you say O Allah send blessing on Muhammad then stop . You should say on Muhammad and his family) .
Ibin Hajr said in Al-Sawa’q Al-Muhriqa Al-Fakhir Al-Razi said : The members of Muhammad’s family equalize him in five facets :
*In saluting :Allah ,. Most High , says (peace on you-the prophet) and (peace be on Yassin’s family) .
* In sending blessing and citation.
*In purification : Allah , Most High , says the purified one and ( We purified you from all impurities).
*In Prohibition alms to be paid to them .
*In love :He Most High , says (follow me and Allah will love you ) and (say I do not asak a compensation but love of kins)3
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Abu Saied Al-Khudari said the messenger of Allah said commenting on the Ayat (Follow them, they are deemed responsible ) that this means the Legacy of Al-Al-Beit which also means whether they are followed and loyal to them as being ordered by Muhammad or not .
Al-Tabarani and Abi Shaykh said the messenger of Allah said ( Allah Most Gracious , has three sacro-sanctities . He who keeps them Allah will help him keeping his religion and secular affairs . They asked what are they ? He said Islam sacredness , my holiness and my kins sanctity).
On the authority of Ibin Sa’ad who said the messenger of Allah said ( I urged you to take care my family . I will be your antagonist tomorrow . Those who my opponents will be entering hell).
He , the prophet , also says (He who takes care my family will have Allah’s word).
The prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him) said
He who dies and loves my family dies a martyr .
He who dies and loves my family is forgiven.
He who dies and loves my family will die a repentant .
He who dies and loves my family will die as a believer with perfect belief .
He who dies and loves my family the angel of death .will tell him of being sent to paradise and so do the angel – Munkar and Nakir.
He who dies and loves my family will be sent to paradise as a bridegroom.
He who dies and loves my family will have two gates in his leading to paradise .
He who dies and loves my family will have grave as a place for angles on mercy by Allah .
He who dies and loves my family will die on the brotherhood and prophetic procedures .
Ibin Khalaweil said in his book Al Aal related to Ibin Abass who said the messenger of Allah said (Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein are maters of they youth of paradise . He who loves them loves me and hates them hates me) .
The love of Al-Beit is individual duty or all Muslims believe in Allah His message delivered by His messenger (may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him) No one refute such love but the disloyals Imam Al.Shafi’y said :
O you the members of the messenger of Allah’s family your love is a duty stated in Qura’n .
It is enough for your glory that all blessings without mentioning is but idle.
Ibin Al-Arabi said concerning the prestige of Al-Beit (if we forgive them and reject rights we will have a high rank in Allah’s order . Muhammad the messenger of Allah , ordered us to love them and treat them kindly . No one will gain Muhammad intercession unless he loves and respect his kins) .
nd he said (If you love Allah and his messenger correctly you should loves his family and approve their behaviour ever if it does not said mood and beauty of Allah . You will feel , in cases as such that Allah loves you because of your love to them and such love will remind you of this grace and thank Allah . They will remind you of purified names and ranks you can not comprehend . They have such high ranks if you comprehend will hope to be one of their subjects . Such honour will be clear only in the hereafter . They will be resurrected with Allah’s forgiveness . Any Muslims who believes in His Ayat (And Allah wished to remove all abomination from you- members of the family and to make you pure and spotless)4
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Should believe the members of Muhammad’s family whom are forgiven by Allah . Muslims are not blame them for any since Allah has already purified tem from abomination .Allah , Most High , says ( That is the grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He pleases . And Allah is the Lord of grace and bounding) 5
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1 Al-Ahzab , Ayat 33.
2 Al-Imran , Ayat 61.
3 Al-Shura , Ayat 23
4 Al-Ahzab , Ayat 33.
5 Al-Hadid ,Ayat 21.