BEHAVIOUR IN ATTARIQA|
| Being the true guide and the curer of the self against devilish whims , the Sheikh have laid down some rules for the (Mureed) in addition to those included in the Holy Qura’n The behavioral requirements are of Two types :|
1-Sports (Psychological preparedness) which ;asts for forty days , This includes :
A. The Mureed must not eat animal products.
B. Eat little bread as it has the same effect of meat on the soul and its whims .
C. Less talk on the secular affairs and more obsession with God.
D. Work hard to find food and avoid illegal and illegitimate temptations .
E. Drink little cold water which causes ignorance and sleep . To make it easy for the (Mureed) , this stage is divided into four periods :
The first ten days : One piece of bread with some little fruit vegetable and tea .
The second ten days : half piece of bread with little fruit and tea daily .
The third ten days : quarter piece of bread with little fruit and tea daily .
The fourth ten days : The first seven days : three dates with no bread and water and tea for the other three days .
A-Remembrance : in addition to the daily prayers , the Mureed must remember and repeat (A wards) on the hundred thousand for each one .
B-Prayer : In addition to the five transparent prayer . The Mureed must perform the following requirements :
- Ablution : two bows after each ablution before the organs get dry .
- Four prayers after the sunrise .
- Four prayers before noon and four after.
- Four prayers before sunset prayer.
- Two Prayers after the sunset prayer , and between sunset and evening , a prayer of six bows at least (called the prayer of repentance) .
- Two Prayer before evening prayer and two after .
- (Alwitr Prayer) three prayer after evening prayer .
- (Tasabeeh Prayer) which are four as follows :
1-First prayer : After (Al-Fatiha Sura) and another sura from the Holy Qura’n , the Mureed says ( I seek the forgiveness of the Al-Mighty God , Who is the only God and it is to Whom all things are related) this should be repeated fifteen transparent , and then ten transparent in each movement , the total will be seventy five .
Note : The Mureed shouldn’t sleep at night . but he can sleep after the sunrise for an hour . It is advisable to fast on Mondays and Fridays , and the White days (13-14-15) for each Arabic month .
2-Alkhalwa (Solitude) this means a forsaken place in which one finds himself alone and finds time to contemplate and remembers God : The Al-Mighty said (When ye turn away from then and the things they worship other than God , betake yourself to the Cave , your Lord will shower His mercies on you and dispose of your affairs towards comfort and case)1.
(واذ اعتزلتمكوهم وما يعبدون من دون الله فاوا إلى الكهف ينشر لكم ربكم من رحمته ويهيء لكم من امركم مرفقا)
The Al-Mighty said (But keep in remembrance the name of they Lord and devote thyself to Him Whole – heatedly)2
(واذكر اسم ربك وتبتل اليه تبتيلا)
Prophet Muhammad (P) was the first to seek (Khalwa-solitude) in (Ghar Hara) till Allah respond to his contemplation . The least duration of (Khalwa) is ten days according to the (Khalwa) of Prophet Muhammad (P) , and the longest duration is , as the followers of Attariqa , said forty days ; Prophet Muhammad (P) said ( I stayed one month in (Bahra) and then I stayed in the rally) .
Ibin Arabi thinks that the duration differs (for a man may see in two days what the other cannot see in two months).
Al-Khalwa entails avoidance of people and closeness to God in which man is completely engaged with the Creator when his heart is devoid from all cars and obsessions.
Before (Khalwa) man should practice self-denial and sports in order to the ready for such change .
Imam Sadiq (May allah be pleased with him) said that he who seeks (Khalwa) is protected by God and he should be characterized by ten traits :
He must know right and wrong , he must appreciate , for difficulties and must be devoted , he must open-minded and enjoy self-reproach ; remembrance of God .
Sheikh Abdul Qadir Al-Ghailany said :(Virtues people must seek (Khalwa) since they are always surrounded by men and secular temptations , Ye , man cultivate yourself and your conduct . Be faithful and truthful)3
The seeker of (Khalwa) must not do that to lert people a ware of it ; Ibin Arabi said ( one of (khalwa) requirements is not to let others that you are in (Khalwa) . This is purge one ; heart and be fully dedicated to God , under the guidance of a well-informed Sheikh .
Ibin Arabi divides seekers of Khalwa into three categories :
Those who seeks Khalwa for intellectual tranquillity especially men of knowledge , and this not for God’s sake ; the second group are those who want to avoid people searching for quietness : the third category are those fully devoted to God who never want witness for their practice but they seek the satisfaction of God)4
The Importance of (Khalwa)
Imam Shafe’ay said (He who want God to purge his heart and provide him with knowledge , must seek (Khalwa) and to eat little and avoid these trivial people)5.
Imam Ghazali said ( The advantage of Khalwa is to make man free the obsessions of the sense and attain purity)6.
Ibin Arabi said (God provides the seeker of the Khalwa godly secrets and Khalwa : the Al-Mighty said (So they found one of our servants on whom we have bestowed mercy from ourselves and whom we had taught knowledge from our own presence )7
['c](عبدا من عبادنا اتيناه رحمة من عندنا وعلمناه من لدنا علما)
The A-Mighty also said , (So fear God , for it is God that teaches you)8 So the believer gets sound knowledge from God in Khalwa)9.
Dr Mustafa Al-Siba’ai said (There is great enjoyment in Khalwa for the true believer , Ibrahim Bin Adham used to say : we get such enjoyment that the kings may kill us for it if they know its reality)10
Anyhow , Al-Khalwa is not the end by itself but it the way to know God which must be followed by hard work of worship and genuine obedience .
1-Al-Kahaf , Ayat 16.
2-Al-Muz’mil , Ayat 8.
3- Jala’a Al-Khatir-Speechs of Sheikh Abdul Qadir, published by Sheikh Muhammad Al-Kasnazani .p77-78.
4-The book of (Al-Khalwa)by Ibin Arabi .
5-Bustan al-Arfeen by Al-Nawawy .p.47.
6-Ihya’h Uloom Aldeen vol.3,p66.
7-Al-Kahaf , Ayat 65.
8-Al-Baqarah , Ayat 282.
9-Al-Fitoohat Almakiyah , Ibin Arabi , Vol.1p31.
10-Muthakarat Fi Fikh Alseera , Dr.Mustafa Al-Siba’ai .p18